Biogeography is the study of the geography of life — from physiological, morphological and genetic variation among individuals and populations to differences in the diversity and composition of biotas along geographic gradients. Biogeography provides a holistic understanding of the relationships between the Earth and its biota.
The International Biogeography Society (IBS) was founded in 2001 with the following mission: (1) Foster communication and collaboration between biogeographers in disparate academic fields - scientists who would otherwise have little opportunity for substantive interaction and collaboration. (2) Increase both the awareness and interests of the scientific community and the lay public in the contributions of biogeographers. (3) Promote the training and education of biogeographers so that they may develop sound strategies for studying and conserving the world’s biota.